Three Forms of a Noun:  8th Grade, Language Arts

 

Ms. Workman:  Direct Instruction Lesson Plan

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 Three Forms of a Noun: 8th Grade, Language Arts

A Direct Instruction Lesson Plan

 

 

Grade 8: Language Arts

 

Standard #4

 

Standard: Forms singular, plural, and possessive nouns.

 

Step 1: Orient Students to Lesson:

 

Advance Organizer:

            Whenever we talk or write sentences we use nouns.  When Sara refers to a person, place, thing, or idea, she uses a noun.  But if Sara is referring to more than one place, person, thing, or idea, she is using a different form of a noun.

            Today, class we are going to learn about the three forms of a noun, how to identify the difference between each, and how to write a sentence using each form of the noun. The three forms of a noun are singular, which refers to one, plural, which refers to more than one, and possessive, which shows possession and/or ownership.

            Alright class, lets take a look at what you will have to do after today’s lesson.

 

Behavioral Objectives:

 

After the lesson on nouns, students will:

 

1.         List and describe in writing the definition of a noun and its three forms in five minutes with 95% accuracy.

 

2.         When given a list of 10 singular nouns, write the plural form for those nouns in seven minutes with 95% accuracy.

 

3.         When given ten sentences, underline the possessive noun and write what the noun shows ownership and/or possession to in ten minutes with 90% accuracy.

 

4.         When given ten sentences circle the noun in each sentence and write what form of the noun in ten minutes with 95% accuracy.

 

5.         Write 5 sentences using at least one of each of the three forms of a noun in ten minutes with 95% accuracy.

 

6.         List and define in writing the difference between a singular possessive noun and a plural possessive noun.

 

           

Task Analyses

1.         List and describe in writing the definition of a noun and its three forms in five minutes with 95% accuracy. (Comprehension)

 

a.       Write the definition of a noun. ( Refers to a person, place, thing, or idea.)

b.      Write the three forms of a noun. (singular, plural, and possessive)

c.       Write the definition for each three forms of a noun. (A singular noun refers to one. A plural noun refers to more than one. A possessive noun means that it shows ownership and/or possession.)

d.      Describe in writing the definition of a noun and its three forms. ( A noun can be a person, place, or thing. If the noun refers to only one, it is singular. If the noun refers to more than one, it is plural. If the noun shows ownership and/or possession, it is possessive.)

 

2.         when given a list of 10 singular nouns, write the plural form for those nouns in seven minutes with 95% accuracy. (Knowledge)

           

a.       Write the definition of a noun. ( A noun can be a person, place, thing, or idea. If the noun refers to only one, it is singular. If the noun refers to more than one, it is plural. If the noun shows ownership and/or possession, it is possessive.)

b.      Write the 6 rules for changing a singular noun to the plural form.

Rule 1) The plural of nouns is usually formed by adding –s to a singular noun.

Rule 2) Nouns ending in s, z, x, sh, and ch form the plural by adding –es.

Rule 3) Nouns ending in y preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by changing 

-y to –ies.

Rule 4) Nouns ending in y preceded by a vowel form their plurals by adding –s.

Rule 5) Most nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant is formed into plural by adding es.

Rule 6) Some nouns ending in f or fe are made plural by changing fo or fe to –ves.

c.       Read and write the first noun.

d.      If the noun only applies to rule 1, then add –s.

e.       If the noun applies to rule 2, add –es.

f.        If the noun refers to rule 3, change y to –ies.

g.       If the noun refers to rule 4, add –s.

h.       If the noun refers to rule 5, add -es.

i.         If the noun refers to rule 6, change to –ves.

j.        Repeat steps a through i to change the remaining singular nouns to plural form.

 

3.         when given ten sentences, underline in pencil the possessive noun and write what the noun shows ownership and/or possession to in ten minutes with 90% accuracy. (Application, Evaluation)

 

a.       Describe in writing the definition of a noun.

b.      Write the definition of a possessive noun. (A possessive noun shows ownership and/or possession.)

c.       Read  the first sentence.

d.      Underline in pencil the noun.

e.       Identify and write what the noun shows ownership to below.

f.        Repeat steps a. – e. to complete the remaining sentences.

 

4.         when given ten sentences circle the noun in each sentence and write what form of the noun in ten minutes with 95% accuracy. (Application)

a.       Write the definition of a noun.

b.      Define in writing the three forms of a noun.

c.       Read the sentence and circle the noun in pencil.

d.      The noun is singular if it refers to one.

e.       The noun is plural if it refers to more than one.

f.        The noun is possessive if it shows ownership and/or possession.

g.       Repeat steps a. – f. to complete the remaining sentences.

 

5.         write 5 sentences using at least one of each of the three forms of a noun in ten minutes with 95% accuracy. (Correct grammar and spelling) (Synthesis)

a.       Define in writing the definition of a noun.

b.      List and describe the 3 forms of a noun.

c.       Write a sentence that includes at least one form of a noun.

d.      Circle the noun in the sentence with a pencil.

e.       Write the form of the noun above the circled noun.

 

6.         list and define in writing the definition and difference between a singular possessive noun and a plural possessive noun. (Evaluation)

a.       Write the definition of a noun.

b.      Define by writing the definition of a singular noun.

c.       Write the definition of a singular possessive noun.

d.      Write the definition of a plural noun.

e.       Write the definition of a plural possessive noun.

f.        Describe by writing the definition and rules for a singular possessive noun.

g.       Describe by writing the definition and rules for a plural possessive noun.

h.       Compare by writing the difference between a singular possessive and a plural possessive noun.

                       

URL’s

www.lovetolearnplace.com

www.brainpop.com

 

Step 2: Review Prerequisites

            Previously we have learned that a noun is a person, place, thing, or idea.  We also learned that a noun has 3 forms that it can take on, singular, plural, and possessive. For example, a singular noun refers to only one. We studied that a plural noun refers to more than one. We also learned that if a noun shows possession or ownership it is a possessive noun. Furthermore, we have learned to take singular nouns and make them plural, identify and distinguish them in a sentence, and create a sentence of your own using different forms of a noun. It is important to remember the six rules for changing singular nouns to plural.

 

Step 3: Script

 

Class, a noun is a person, place, thing, or idea.

What is a noun?

            There are 3 forms of a noun.

How many forms of a noun are there?

            The first form is singular. Q

The second form is plural. Q

Everyone, what are the first two forms?

The third form is possessive. Q

            Everyone, what are the three forms of a noun?

A singular noun refers to one. Q

Dog is a singular noun because it refers to one dog. Q

Sally is a singular noun because it refers to one person. Q

Valdosta is a singular noun because it refers to one place. Q

Freedom is a singular noun because it refers to one idea. Q

A plural noun refers to more than one. Q

Stars is a plural noun because it refers to more than one star. Q

Dresses is a plural noun because it refers to more than one dress. Q

Cities is a plural noun because it refers to more than one place. Q

Class, what type of noun is notebook?

Notebook is a singular noun because it refers to just one notebook. Q

Class what type of noun is cats?

Cats is a plural noun because it refers to more than one cat. Q

Class, what type of noun is bag?

Bag is a singular noun because it refers to just one bag. Q

Class, what type of noun is buttons?

Buttons is a plural noun because it refers to more than one button. Q

Class, there are 6 rules for forming the plural form of a noun. Q

Rule #1 states that the plural of nouns is usually formed by adding – s to a singular noun. Q

Rule #2 states that nouns ending in s, z, x, sh, and ch form the plural by adding –es. Q

Rule #3 states that nouns ending in –y preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by changing –y to –ies. Q

Rule #4 states that nouns ending in y preceded by a vowel form their plurals by adding      –s. Q

Rule #5 states that most nouns ending in o preceded by a consonant is formed into a plural by adding es. Q

Class, here is a special note: Most nouns ending in o preceded by a vowel is formed into a plural by adding –s. Q

The last but not least is Rule #6. Some nouns ending in f or fe are made plural by changing f or fe to –ves. Q

Alright class, let’s take some singular nouns and convert them into plural nouns together.

Class, what would we add to the noun rock to make it plural?

Add the letter s to make it plural. Example: Rocks. Q

Class, what does the noun dish need to be made plural?

Because dish ends in sh we should add es. Dishes. Q

Class, how do we change the singular form beauty to plural?

Because beauty ends in y and is preceded by a consonant, change the y to –ies. Beauties  Q

Class, how do we change the singular form of joy to plural form?

Because joy ends in y preceded by a vowel, form the plural by adding –s. joys. Q

Class, how do we change the singular form of potato to plural form?

Because potato ends in o preceded by a consonant, form the plural by adding es. Q

Alright, class here is one more example. Class, how do we change the singular form of self to plural form?

Because self ends in f, form the plural by changing f to –ves. Q

Great Job Class! Now let’s move on to the possessive form of a noun.

 

A possessive noun shows ownership or possession. Q

There are two forms of a possessive noun. Q

The first form is singular possessive. Q

A singular possessive noun shows ownership or possession of a singular noun. Q

There are 2 general rules for forming a singular possessive noun. Q

The first rule states that to show ownership or possession of a singular noun, add an apostrophe and the letter s  (‘s). Q

Frequently, many become confused when a singular noun ends in “s” thinking that the word is plural.  However, there are many singular proper nouns that end in “s” like Jesus, Jones, etc. When a name ends in “s” or “es”, simply add an apostrophe. Q

Which of these sentences shows the correct singular possessive form of the noun?

            (Correct): The Jones’ car is blue.

            (Incorrect): The Jones’s house is on Fourth Street.

In the phrase, “the horse’s rider,” horse’s is the singular possessive noun because the rider belongs to the horse. Horse gets an -‘s because it is showing singular ownership of the rider. Q

In the phrase, “the dog’s howling,” dog’s is the singular possessive noun because the howl belongs to the dog. Since the howling belongs to one dog, dog gets an –‘s? Q

 

 

Ok class, the other form of a possessive noun is a plural possessive noun. Q

Class, do you remember what a plural noun is?

A plural possessive noun is when a plural noun shows ownership or possession. Q

There are three general rules for plural possessives. Q

Rule #1 says that when the plural ends in s, only the apostrophe is added. Q

Rule #2 says that when the plural does not end in s, only the apostrophe and the s is added. Q

Rule #3 states that frequently, many become confused when a singular noun ends in “s” thinking that the word is plural.  However, there are many singular proper nouns that end in “s” like Jesus, Jones, etc. When a name ends in “s” or “es”, simply add an apostrophe. Q 

For a family by the name of Potts, it is one family – singular – therefore, it would be the Potts’ car. Q

Okay class, let us do an example of a plural possessive noun together. Class, how do we change the phrase “handbags of the women,” to plural possessive form?

The phrase should change to “women’s handbags.” Handbags is a plural noun that belongs to women, and women gets an –‘s added on because is shows plural possession. Q

 

Great Job Class! Now I am going to pass out a Written Exercise for each of you to complete to give you ensure each one of you understand how to form singular, plural, and possessive nouns. I am here to answer any questions. When everyone is done, we will go over this exercise together as a class. Here we go!

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 4: Written Exercise

 

1. Write in the space below the definition of a noun.

 

 

 

 

2. List and describe the 3 forms of a noun.

 

 

 

 

3. Below is a list of nouns. Write whether the noun is singular or plural in the space given.

 

lamp                 ________                    person              ________

 

cats                  ________                    dresses             ________

 

pen                   ________                    men                  ________

 

children            ________                    farms                ________

 

4. Change the following singular nouns to plural form. (Don’t forget the rules!)

 

fox                   ________                    donkey             ________

 

knife                 ________                    leaf                   ________

 

party                ________                    tree                  ________

 

bench               ________                    day                   ________

 

5. List 5 nouns (things) you own. Example: hairbrush

            1.

            2.

            3.

            4.

            5.

6. Take the 5 nouns that you own and show that they belong to you.

    Example: Ms. Katy’s hairbrush

            1.

            2.

            3.

            4.

            5.

Step 4: Written Exercise (KEY)

 

1. Write in the space below the definition of a noun.

A noun describes a person, place, thing, or idea.

(BO # 1, Comprehension)

 

2. List and describe the 3 forms of a noun.

The three forms of a noun include singular, plural, and possessive.

Singular refers to just one, plural refers to more than one, and a possessive noun shows ownership and possession. (BO#1, Knowledge)

 

3. Below is a list of nouns. Write whether the noun is singular or plural in the space given. BO#2, Application

 

lamp                 _singular_                   person              _singular_

 

cats                  plural   __                    dresses             _plural   

 

pen                   singular_                     box                  singular_

 

children            plural                           farms                plural   _

 

4. Change the following singular nouns to plural form. (Don’t forget the rules!) BO#2, Application

 

fox                   foxes  _                       donkey             donkeys_

 

knife                 knives_                       leaf                   leaves   _

 

party                parties_                       tree                  trees   _

 

bench               benches_                     day                   days      _

 

5. List 5 nouns (things) you own. Example: hairbrush (BO #1, Knowledge)

            1.  purse

            2.  toothbrush

            3.  mouse

            4.  car

            5.  Bible

6. Take the 5 nouns that you own and show that they belong to you.

    Example: Ms. Katy’s hairbrush (BO # 6, Application)

            1. Katy’s purse

            2. Katy’s toothbrush

            3. Katy’s mouse

            4. Katy’s car

            5. Katy’s Bible

Step 5 (Independent Practice)

 

A. Change the following singular nouns to plural.

 

           

1. child             ________        6. boss             _________

            2. key              ________        7. company      _________

            3. horse            ________        8. fly                 _________

            4. clock            ________        9. bench           _________

            5. table             ________        10.activity         _________

 

 

 

B. Choose by circling in pencil the correct singular possessive form.

1.      the girl’s / girls’ fan

2.      the bakers’ / baker’s fan

3.      the fox’s / foxes’ tail

4.      the tailors’ / tailor’s shop

5.      the citizen’s / citizens’ duty

6.      the mans’ / man’s work

 

C. Change the following phrases to show the correct possessive form. Remember some are singular and some are possessive.

Example: the blocks of the children = children’s blocks

 

            1. the pedals of the bicycles                  _______________

            2. the legs of the chair               _______________

            3. the clucks of the hen                         _______________

            4. the ticking of the clocks                     _______________

            5. the titles of the books                        _______________

            6. the windows of the castle                  _______________

            7. the colors of the crayons                   _______________

            8. the brushes of the paints                    _______________

            9. the petals of the flower                      _______________

            10. the papers of the students                _______________

 

D. List and describe the difference between singular and plural possessive nouns.

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 5 (Independent Practice) KEY

 

A. Change the following singular nouns to plural. (BO # 2, Application)

 

           

1. baby             babies   _        6. boss             bosses     _

            2. key              keys      _        7. company      companies

            3. horse            horses   _        8. fly                 flies        __

            4. clock            clocks    _        9. bench           benches __

            5. table             tables    _        10.activity         activities _

 

 

 

B. Choose by circling in pencil the correct singular possessive form. (BO # 6, Application)

7.      the girl’s / girls’ fan ( girl’s)

8.      the bakers’ / baker’s fan (baker’s)

9.      the foxes / foxes’ tail (foxes)

10.  the tailors’ / tailor’s shop (tailor’s)

11.  the citizen’s / citizens’ duty (citizen’s)

12.  the mans’ / man’s work ( man’s)

 

 

 

C. Change the following phrases to show the correct possessive form. Remember some are singular and some are possessive. (BO # 3 & 6, Application)

Example: the blocks of the children = children’s blocks

 

            1. the pedals of the bicycles                  the bicycles’ pedals

            2. the legs of the chair               the chair’s legs    

            3. the clucks of the hen                         _the hen’s clucks_

            4. the ticking of the clocks                     the clocks’ ticking_

            5. the titles of the books                        _the books’ titles_

            6. the windows of the castle                  _the castle’s windows_

            7. the colors of the crayons                   _the crayons’ colors_

            8. the brushes of the paints                    _the paints’ brushes_

            9. the petals of the flower                      _the flower’s petals_

            10. the papers of the students                _the students’ papers

 

D. List and describe the difference between singular and plural possessive nouns.

 ( BO# 6, Comprehension)

A singular possessive noun is when a noun referring to just one shows possession and ownership. A plural possessive noun is when a noun referring to more than one shows possession and ownership.

 

 

Step 6: Distributed Practice

 

1. Change the following singular nouns to plural form. (Don’t forget the rules that apply.)

           

moss    ­­­­­________                    dish      ________

           

buzz     ­­­________                    church________

           

box      ________                    fly         ________

 

2. For each sentence, indicate the type of possessive noun and what it shows ownership and possession to.

 

Sentence

 

Type of Possessive Noun

Shows ownership and possession to

The car’s window is broken.

 

 

The horses’ feet trampled in fear.

 

 

The cat’s fur is fluffy and soft.

 

 

The parents’ chuckling confused the children.

 

 

Princess Lea’s hair is always in two buns.

 

 

Does the dancers’ recital start at 7:30 p.m.?

 

 

The churches members sang praises unto God.

 

 

 

3. For each sentence underline the noun and write the form of that noun above or below.

 

1.      The sunset’s colors at the horizon left me speechless.

 

2.      The teacher’s lesson taught the definition of a noun.

 

3.      The llama almost spat on me.

 

4.      The lights illuminated the stadium to help prepare the way for the championship game.

 

5.      Ms. Williams’ hair was braided in pig tails.

 

6.      The cowboy’s overalls were very dirty from farming.

 

 

 

Step 6: Distributed Practice (KEY)

 

1. Change the following singular nouns to plural form. (Don’t forget the rules that apply.) (BO # 2, Application)

           

moss    ­­­­­mosses  _                    dish      dishes    _

           

buzz     ­­­_buzzes__                   church _churches

           

box      boxes    _                    fly         flies         _

 

2. For each sentence, indicate the type of possessive noun and what it shows ownership and possession to. (BO #3, Analysis)

 

Sentence

 

Type of Possessive Noun

Shows ownership and possession to

The car’s window is broken.

 Singular

  window

The horses’ feet trampled in fear.

Plural

feet

The cat’s fur is fluffy and soft.

Singular

fur

The parents’ chuckling confused the children.

Plural

chuckling

Princess Lea’s hair is always in two buns.

Singular

hair

Does the dancers’ recital start at 7:30 p.m.?

Plural

recital

The churches members sang praises unto God.

Singular

members

 

3. For each sentence underline the noun and write the form of that noun above or below. If the noun is a possessive form write what the possessive noun shows ownership to.  (BO #4 Analysis)

 

7.      The sunset’s colors at the horizon left me speechless.

                                                  singular possessive/ colors

8.      The teacher’s lesson taught the definition of a noun.

                                                  singular possessive/ lesson

9.      The llama almost spat on me.

                                                singular noun

10.  The lights illuminated the stadium to help prepare the way for the championship game. plural noun

11.  Ms. Williams’ hair was braided in pig tails.

                                                  singular possessive/ hair

12.  All the cowboys’ overalls were very dirty from farming.

 plural possessive/ overalls

Step 6:  Exam/Quiz

Name____________________

Test on Nouns

  1. What does a noun name? (2 points each)
    1. an action
    2. state of being
    3. a description
    4. a person, place, thing, or idea

 

  1. Which form of a noun shows ownership and possession?
    1. singular noun
    2. possessive noun
    3. plural noun
    4. abstract noun

 

  1. This form of noun refers to just one.
    1. singular noun
    2. singular possessive
    3. possessive noun
    4. plural noun

 

  1. What form of a noun refers to more than one? ____________  

 

     5.    Freedom is an example of what type of noun? 

            a. person          b. idea              c. place            d. thing

 

For the following sentences circle which form of the underlined noun is being represented. (2 points each)

 

6.   The elephant at the circus performed a balancing act.

            a. plural            b. singular         c. possessive    d. plural possessive

 

     7.   The ship’s deck had to be mopped twice a day.

             a. singular        b. plural            c. possessive    d. singular possessive

 

     8.  All of the clocks’ hands were five minutes too fast.

            a. Plural possessive       b. singular possessive    c. singular         d. plural

 

    9. The school’s computer system shut down at 8:05 a.m. because of the storm.

            a. singular         b. plural            c. plural possessive       d. singular possessive

 

    10. A bear ate all of the food at our campsite.

            a. singular         b. plural            c. singular possessive                d. plural possessive

 

   11.  The leaves are changing.

            a. singular         b. plural            c. possessive    d. plural possessive

12.  Write a sentence using the plural possessive form of a noun.

 

13. Write a paragraph (At least 5-6 sentences and skip a line between) about your favorite noun. Your favorite noun may be your favorite person, favorite place, favorite thing, or favorite idea. When you write this paragraph, use at least one of each form of a noun. Your paragraph should include the singular, plural, singular possessive, and plural possessive form of your favorite noun. Underline the noun in each sentence and label the form of the noun in the space below. ( Worth 4 points)

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

Step 6:  Exam/Quiz (KEY)

Name____________________

Test on Nouns

  1. What does a noun name? (2 points each) (BO # 1, d., Knowledge)
    1. an action
    2. state of being
    3. a description
    4. a person, place, thing, or idea

 

  1. Which form of a noun shows ownership and possession? (BO# 1, b., Knowledge)
    1. singular noun
    2. possessive noun
    3. plural noun
    4. abstract noun

 

  1. This form of noun refers to just one. (BO # 1, a., Knowledge)
    1. singular noun
    2. singular possessive
    3. possessive noun
    4. plural noun

 

  1. What form of a noun refers to more than one? Plural noun__(BO# 1 Knowledge)

 

     5.    Freedom is an example of what type of noun? (BO #1, b., Evaluation)

            a. person          b. idea              c. place            d. thing

 

For the following sentences circle which form of the underlined noun is being represented. (2 points each)

 

6.   The elephant at the circus performed a balancing act.

            a. plural            b. singular         c. possessive    d. plural possessive

(BO # 4, b., Knowledge)

     7.   The ship’s deck had to be mopped twice a day.

             a. singular        b. plural            c. possessive    d. singular possessive

(BO # 4, a., application)

     8.  All of the clocks’ hands were five minutes too fast.

            a. Plural possessive       b. singular possessive    c. singular         d. plural

(BO #4, a., application)

    9. The school’s computer system shut down at 8:05 a.m. because of the storm.

            a. singular         b. plural            c. plural possessive       d. singular possessive

(BO #4, d., application)

    10. A bear ate all of the food at our campsite.

            a. singular         b. plural            c. singular possessive                d. plural possessive

 

   (BO #4, Knowledge)

11.  The leaves are changing.

            a. singular         b. plural            c. possessive    d. plural possessive

(BO #4, b., application)

12.  Write a sentence using the plural possessive form of a noun. Then label the plural possessive and what it shows ownership and possession to. (BO # 5, Synthesis)

 The students’ assignments are due on the seventeenth of November. Students’ is the plural possessive and assignments is what students’ shows ownership to.

 

13. Write a paragraph (At least 5-6 sentences and skip a line between) about your favorite noun. Your favorite noun may be your favorite person, favorite place, favorite thing, or favorite idea. When you write this paragraph, use at least one of each form of a noun. Your paragraph should include the singular, plural, singular possessive, and plural possessive form of your favorite noun. Underline the noun in each sentence and label the form of the noun in the space below. (Worth 4 points)

(BO #5, Evaluation, Synthesis)

 

       My favorite noun is my Bible. The Bible’s word applies to my life each and

                                     singular noun          Singular possessive

every time I read it. Some people may have up to three Bibles in their home. Other

                                                                                             plural noun

Bibles’ text may be written in different versions, but

                                             plural possessive

my Bible is the NIV (New International Version) version. My Bible’s cover shows that it belongs to me because my

                                                 singular possessive

name is engraved on the lower right hand corner. My Bible is very valuable to me

                                                                                         singular noun

and applicable to my life.